Este Blog é dedicado a Economia, sob os olhos da Escola de Salamanca e do Distributivismo. Veremos a Economia do ponto de vista do "ser humano permanente", como disse GK Chesterton se referindo aos personagens de Charles Dickens.
Que São Maximiliano Kolbe, do Bloco 11, Cela 18 de Auschwitz, nos ilumine na continuação das doutrinas de Francisco de Vitória e Hilaire Belloc!
sábado, 22 de fevereiro de 2020
Compensar Carbono: Para Quê, Para Quem, Quanto, Como, Por Que? Ninguém Sabe. E Ainda Piora o Meio Ambiente.
extensa do The Telegraph mostra o mercado de compensar carbono no mundo, um
mercado de quase 300 milhões de dólares que ninguém, nem mesmo os que estudam o
tema há dez anos, sabe responder as questões mais básicas. E muitos
ambientalistas, defensores da compensação de carbono, dizem que está piorando o
E veja, a
reportagem toma o ponto de vista que é certo compensar carbono, que carbono
realmente precisa ser combatido.
A lógica é
mostrar que se está mandando dinheiro para alguém compensar, mas ninguém
regula, avalia, mede, contabiliza e fiscaliza os projetos. Em suma, uma
completa escuridão global que vale milhões.
A reportagem ainda diz que 75% dos projetos usados para compensar carbono não trazem ganho nenhum, pois afinal não aconteceriam mesmo. Isto é, alguém diz: "hei, me pague milhares de dólares se não eu vou poluir". Daí, um riquinho ou uma empresa paga e "compensa" carbono.
O incentivo para a investigação são as novas medidas no Reino Unido para combater o carbono, como proibir carros a gasolina.
A reportagem menciona mineração no Brasil sendo compensada em outros lugares que ajudam a desmatar mais a floresta, por exemplo.
Para mim, é uma aberração do início ao fim. Tudo em nome de atacar um inimigo que não existe: o carbono. Depois dizem que vivemos o progresso.
consegui abrir todas as reportagens relativas ao assunto do jornal, pois é
necessário fazer assinatura do jornal, mas o jornal liberou a primeira
reportagem, que começa dizendo que consumidores que pensam que estão pagando
por compensação correm o risco de serem roubados no mercado sem regulação do
carbono e em seguida diz que ambientalistas afirmam que o mercado de
compensação pode estar piorando ainda mais o meio ambiente.
a primeira reportagem:
The carbon offsetting 'Wild West'
Exclusive Telegraph investigation reveals consumers
trying to offset their emissions are at risk of being ripped off
satellite analysis for The Telegraph also revealed that trees are being cut
down at a project in Brazil used for offsetting by both British Gas and the
International Air Transport Association.
emissions, individuals or companies can purchase credits which have been
generated by a project elsewhere removing carbon from the atmosphere – for
example by planting trees or preventing deforestation.
campaigners say the premise is fundamentally flawed and carbon trading cannot
be justified when there has actually been an increase in deforestation.
revelations are the latest in a long line of problems facing projects, some of
which have seen saplings dying because of droughts and forests ripped up by the
Cambodian army or Brazilian gold miners.
controversy surrounding offsetting, the industry is experiencing a boom from
the "Greta Thunberg effect", fuelled by big companies such as
easyJet, British Airways and BP pledging to go carbon neutral and offering
customers offsetting options.
global carbon trading market is estimated to be worth hundreds of billions of
dollars while the voluntary market, on which individuals can purchase
carbon credits, was worth $295.7 million (£229 million) in 2018 – more than
double the previous year, according to Ecosystem Marketplace, which tracks
report said the market is "at the tipping point we've been long waiting
for" as companies respond to consumer pressure to offer green options, but
also noted that growing demand could lead to "sub-par" offsets as
"inexperienced buyers" get involved.
the founder of TMP Systems, a consultancy specialising in climate change which
has analysed carbon markets since 2011, said: "We don't have any good
evidence one way or another to tell you whether this stuff works – we just
groups have called for more regulation in the market, which currently sets its
own standards and prices. These differ depending on which project the credit is
who convenes the Climate Land Ambition and Rights Alliance – which includes
Oxfam and Action Aid among its members – said the fact that a single credit can
have a different price depending on its "backstory" showed that
carbon is not a fixed tradeable commodity.
Dr Doug Parr,
Greenpeace UK's chief scientist, said: "It's bad enough that big carbon
emitters like airliners are using offsetting as a license to pollute, but they
often encourage their customers to join in the greenwash too.
are given the impression that, by coughing up a few quid, they can magic away
the planet-heating gases from their flights. But what customers aren't told is
that this market is an unregulated wild west and there's little evidence that
offsetting schemes generally work.
best and safest way to reduce carbon emissions remains not to produce them in
the first place."
shown that around three quarters of projects do not provide any environmental
gain because they would have happened anyway.
sources told The Telegraph there is a recognition that forest projects are not
really working, but senior conservationists are reluctant to point out flaws in
the system, saying it is "better than nothing" and voicing fears that
people will stop buying credits.
Dufrasne, a policy officer at Carbon Market Watch, said that consumers do not
know what they are buying under the current system.
is such a lack of transparency and communication from many of the big companies
that purchase carbon credits that you don’t really know what is being purchased
or what the impact of your money is," he told The Telegraph.
never tick a box saying I would pay to offset without knowing what the project
comes as the first stage of the UN's Corsia scheme, which will offset
international aviation emissions above 2020 levels, comes into effect this
Environment Ministry commissioned a report into the 14 schemes that have
applied to offset emissions under Corsia, including ones currently being used
on the voluntary market, and found that none meet all the criteria required.
supposed to provide additional, permanent emission reductions from a credible
prediction of what would happen if they did not take place at all.
study by the University of Cambridge, due to be released in the coming months,
is expected to show that projects designed to prevent deforestation – known as
REDD projects – are having the desired impact.
David Coomes, director of the University of Cambridge Conservation Research
Institute, said: "We have found quite a big drop in deforestation in REDD
projects. Offsetting could be an important solution in the short term while we
get our act together on the decarbonising front.
been a bit of a wild west decade where people have been trying to work out
different ways of offsetting carbon, and there has been a mixed bag of
scrupulous and unscrupulous organisations, but I do think it is settling now.
The baddies are slowly being filtered out of the system."
the Transport Secretary, has spoken in favour of carbon offsetting, and last
year the government launched a consultation on whether to make it compulsory
for consumers across the transport sectors to be offered the opportunity to
of the consultation are expected this year, but are understood to have been
delayed as the government tries to work out how to keep up with the scale of
voluntary offsetting among airlines.